Security officers are employed in a range of roles to protect people or property from acts of theft, violence or general disruption. Security officers are employed by public and private institutions or by individuals. The duties of a security officer vary widely depending on where he/she is employed.
Residential security officers patrol private residential properties and areas, safeguarding against illegal activity, including theft, loitering, trespassing and vandalism. They generally have the authority to detain individuals who violate the law on their property until government law enforcement officials arrive.
The job duties and responsibilities of a security officer are not the same as a peace officer or police officer. Instead, security officers are in the prevention business. It is their job to act as a deterrent to crime, to watch for impending danger and to report crimes they may encounter. Security officers are allowed to arrest a individual if a felony is commited in their presence, however it is not responsible or wise for a security officer to actively seek out said degree crimes. That is understude to be the job of a police officer who has swarn under oath to protect and serve the public.